• Politics - Political philosophy - Political theories - Political ideologies - Conservatism - Social conservatism - Anti-abortion movements
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• This is the main entry for "anti-abortion movements".
"Politics - Political philosophy - Political theories - Political ideologies - Conservatism - Anti-abortion movements", "Pro-life", "Society - Movements - Social movements - Anti-abortion movements", "Society - Social issues - Abortion - Abortion debate - Anti-abortion movement", and "Society - Social issues - Abortion - Abortion debate - Anti-abortion movements" redirect here.
• curation date: 2023-01-21
• Anti-abortion movements, also self-styled as pro-life or abolitionist movements, are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Many anti-abortion movements began as countermovements in response to the legalization of elective abortions.
Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus. ... AMERICAS.
The United States anti-abortion movement formed as a response to the landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton Supreme Court decisions, with many anti-abortion organizations having emerged since then.
There is also a smaller consistent life ethic movement, favoring a philosophy which opposes all forms of killing, including abortion, war, euthanasia, and capital punishment.
The current movement is in part a continuation of previous debates on abortion that led to the practice being banned in all states in the late 19th century.
The initial movement was led by physicians, but also included politicians and feminists.
Among physicians, advances in medical knowledge played a significant role in influencing anti-abortion opinion.
Quickening, which had previously been thought to be the point at which the soul entered a human was discovered to be a relatively unimportant step in fetal development, caused many medical professionals to rethink their positions on early term abortions.
Ideologically, the Hippocratic Oath and the medical mentality of that age to defend the value of human life as an absolute also played a significant role in molding opinions about abortion.
Meanwhile, many 19th-century feminists tended to regard abortion as an undesirable necessity forced upon women by thoughtless men.
The "free love" wing of the feminist movement refused to advocate abortion and treated the practice as an example of the hideous extremes to which modern marriage was driving women.
Marital rape and the seduction of unmarried women were societal ills which feminists believed caused the need to abort, as men did not respect women's right to abstinence.
Evangelical organizations like Focus on the Family are involved in anti-abortion movements.
A Conservative MP, Cathay Wagantall, introduced a bill in 2020 seeking to ban abortions for the purpose of choosing a child's sex.
Abortion in Canada is legal at all stages of pregnancy and funded in part by the Canada Health Act.
In 2013, the Conservative prime minister, Stephen Harper, barred the members of Parliament from discussing the matter in the Commons.
Harper's move was linked to his repeated declarations that he wouldn't allow the abortion debate to be re-opened.
Since the 1980s, at least forty-three private member bills that are against abortion have been sent to the House of Commons yet none of them have been passed.
Canadian anti-abortion discourse increasingly "aims at changing cultural values more than legislation; is explicitly framed as 'pro-woman'; largely avoids appealing to religious grounds; and relies on a new 'abortion-harms-women' argument that has supplanted and transformed traditional fetal personhood arguments".
Since 1998, Catholics and allies have held national anti-abortion March for Life rallies at Parliament Hill.
Two have gathered over 10,000 protesters.
In addition to the national protests, anti-abortionists protest abortion clinics across the nation in attempts to stop abortions from continuing. ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-abortion_movements